Facts about Poland

Poland

Area:

312,685 sq. km (120,728 sq. mi)

Population:

38.1 million

Capital City:

Warsaw (population: 1,618,500)

People:

Polish (97.6%)

German (1.3%)

Ukrainian (0.6%)

Byelorussian (0.5%)

Language:

Polish

Religion:

Roman Catholic (95%)

Eastern Orthodox

Protestant

Other (1.5%)

Currency:

1 zloty (PLN)

Main Cities
 
Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and, with 1.7 million inhabitants, its largest city. It is located on the Vistula River (Polish: Wisla), roughly equidistant from both the Baltic Sea in the north and the Carpathian Mountains in the south.
 
Kraków or Cracow is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland. The city dates back to the 7th century and it has traditionally been one of the leading centers of Polish academic, cultural, and artistic life.
 
Lódz is the third-largest city in Poland. The city's coat of arms is an example of canting: depicting a boat, it alludes to the city's name which translates literally as "boat".
 
Polish Culture and Traditions
 
Its unique character developed as a result of its geography at the confluence of various European regions. With origins in the culture of the Proto-Slavs, over time Polish culture has been profoundly influenced by its interweaving ties with the Germanic, Latinate and Byzantine. In Poland all weekends and festivals are free of work. Public holidays in Poland are: Christmas, New Year, Easter, Labor day (1st May), Constitution day (3rd May), Polish Independence day (11th Nov) and etc. Despite the fact that 95% of Polish belong to the Roman Catholic Church, some old traditions with pagan roots are also celebrated e.g. "Dziady" – an ancient Slavic feast to commemorate the dead.
Arts and Crafts - Poland is well known for Paper cutting - a popular folk craft in the mid-1800's and were used by Polish peasants to decorate the walls and ceiling beams in countryside cottages. Other typical crafts are: hand-made costumes, embroidery, ceramics, wood carving and etc.
 
Famous People
 
  • Mikolaj Kopernik - Astronomer.
  • Fryderyk Chopin - Composer.
  • Maria Sklodowska Curie - Scientist.
  • Pope John Paul II.
  • Jan Kochanowski - Poet.
  • Adam Mickiewicz - Writer.
  • Roman Polanski & Andrzej Wajda - Movie Directors.
  • Helena Modjeska & Pola Negri - Actresses.
  • Henryk SienkiewiczWladyslaw ReymontCzeslaw Milosz & Wislawa Szymborska - Nobel Literature Prize winners.
 
Polish Cuisine
 
It is rich in meat, especially beef, chicken and pork, winter vegetables and spices. It is also characteristic in its use of various kinds of noodles, lots of cream and eggs.
Bigos - a savory stew of cabbage and various cuts of meat and sausages, often whole or puréed tomatoes, honey and mushrooms.
Piernik - soft gingerbread shapes iced or filled with marmalade of different fruit flavors and covered with chocolate.
Chlodnik - a chilled beet or fruit soup for hot days.

 

Basic words in Polish

English

Polish

Hello

cheshch

Good morning

dzhehn dobri

Good afternoon

dzhehn dobri

Good evening

dobri vyehchoor

Good night

dobrahnots

Please

prosheh

Thank you

dzhehnkooyeh

Sorry

pshehprahshahm

How are you?

yahk syeh mash

I am well, thank you

Mam syeh dobzheh, dzhehnkooyeh