Facts about Lithuania

Lithuania

Area:

65,200 sq km

Population:

3.35million (2010)

Capital City:

Vilnius (population: 588,600)

Main Ethnic Groups:

Lithuanian (84%)

Russian (6%)

Polish (7%)

Belarusian (1.5%)

Other (1%)

Languages:

Lithuanian (state language)

Russian

English

Religion(s):

Predominantly Roman Catholic

Currency:

Litas

Main Cities
 
Vilnius - is the capital of Lithuania, and its largest city, with a population of 560,190.
 
Kaunas - the second-largest city in Lithuania and has historically been a leading center of Lithuanian economic, academic, and cultural life.
 
Klaipeda - is a city in Lithuania situated at the mouth of the Nemunas River where it flows into the Baltic Sea. It is the third largest city in Lithuania.
 
The culture of Lithuania has been influenced by geography, historical events, and artistic movements. Various cultural changes occurred throughout Lithuania's transformation from a former country of the Soviet Union to an independent Baltic state. Folk is an influential genre on Lithuanian music, literature, and film. Lithuanian folk music is based around songs (dainos), which include romantic, wedding songs, as well as work songs and more archaic war songs. Traditional vocal music is held in high esteem on a world scale: Lithuanian song fests and sutartines multipart songs are on the UNESCO's representative list of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. Most popular Lithuanian crafts are – embroidery, amber jewelry, hand-carved wooden decorations, hand- painted eggs and so on.
Major public holidays in Lithuania are Christmas, New Year, Easter, 11th March – Independence day, 6th July – Statehood day, 1st November - All Saints day and etc.
 
Famous Lithuanian people
  • Joseph Weber - "Father" of gravity wave detection experiments .
  • Jonas Pleksys - USSR submarine captain.
  • Mykolas Norkunas - Founder of the Knights of Lithuania.
  • Monica Lewinsky.
  • Victor Brenner - Designed Lincoln penny.
  • Alexander Bruce Bialskis - 1st FBI director.
  • Sister Mary Veronica Klimkevicius - The first woman Army nurse Civil War.
 
Cuisine
Over the centuries Lithuanians have created a unique palette of dishes, influenced by the culture of various nationalities. A distinctive trait of Lithuanian cuisine is the preponderance of potato dishes. The most impressive of these is cepelinai (‘Zeppelins’), large boiled potato dumplings (made from grated raw potato) with fillings of minced meat or cottage cheese.
Kibinai - Potato-Meat Dumplings, similar to Zeppelins.

 

Basic words in Lithuanian

English

Lithuanian

Hello

Sveiki/Labas

Good morning

Labas rytas

Good afternoon

Laba diena

Good evening

Labas vakaras

Good night

Labanakt

Please

Prašau

Thank you

Aciu

Sorry

Atsiprašau

How are you?

Kaip Jums sekasi?

I am well, thank you

Aciu, gerai